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Backhand Welding (Backward Welding)

Backhand welding, also known as backward welding, refers to a specific technique used in oxy-fuel welding (OFW) or oxy-acetylene welding where the torch flame points in the opposite direction to the direction of welding progress. This technique is particularly employed in certain welding scenarios to achieve specific results.

Technique and Application:

  • Flame Direction: In backhand welding, the flame from the welding torch is directed against the direction of travel of the welding bead. This means the torch moves backward along the welding seam, opposite to the direction in which the weld pool progresses.
  • Purpose: The primary purpose of backhand welding is to control the heat input and manage the molten weld pool effectively. By directing the flame against the weld pool’s direction, the welder can better control the penetration depth and the shape of the weld bead.
  • Controlled Penetration: Backhand welding typically results in deeper penetration into the base metal compared to forehand welding (where the torch is pointed in the direction of welding travel). This can be advantageous when welding thicker materials or when a stronger weld joint is required.

Key Considerations:

  • Heat Management: Backhand welding helps in distributing heat more evenly across the welding joint, reducing the risk of overheating and distortion.
  • Weld Quality: Proper technique in backhand welding ensures better fusion between the base metals and the filler material, contributing to a stronger and more durable weld joint.


  • Heavy Metal Fabrication: Commonly used in heavy metal industries for welding thicker materials where deeper penetration and stronger weld joints are necessary.
  • Repair Welding: Applied in repair welding tasks where precision control over heat input and weld penetration is critical to maintaining the structural integrity of the repaired component.


  • Controlled Welding Parameters: Allows welders to adjust the welding speed and torch angle to achieve optimal welding results.
  • Versatility: Suitable for various welding positions and joint configurations, providing flexibility in welding operations.


Backhand welding, or backward welding, is a specialized technique used in oxy-fuel welding to control heat input and achieve deeper penetration into base metals. By directing the welding torch against the direction of welding progress, welders can achieve stronger weld joints with improved control over the welding process. Understanding and mastering backhand welding techniques are essential skills for welders working with oxy-acetylene or oxy-fuel welding methods, particularly in applications requiring precision and strength in weld joints.

See Related Term:

  • Forehand welding
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